Understanding How Men’s Open Bodybuilding Competitions are Judged and Scored

How Open Bodybuilding Competitions Judged

The IFBB pro league has been steadily growing and introducing new divisions, with the wheelchair, wellness, and classic physique divisions being the newest members of the family.

However, the Men’s Open division is the OG bodybuilding contest and continues to be the biggest crowd-puller and most-awaited and hyped competition in any bodybuilding show. 

If you love watching bodybuilding shows but cannot seem to wrap your head around how they work, you are not alone. While bodybuilding contests are gaining traction, their complex judging and scoring system can make them feel overwhelming.

Because of their subjective nature, bodybuilding shows can be hard to judge. Picking a winner in a bodybuilding show requires looking at every competitor under a microscope — to inspect the minutest physique details and examine the smallest flaws. 

IFBB Pro League uses a scoring system to assess a competitor’s muscle proportion, symmetry, quality, and size. 

Below, we go over the parameters on which the pro bodybuilders in the Men’s Open Division are judged and scored. 

According to the IFBB Pro Rules for Men’s Bodybuilding, pro bodybuilding contests consists of two rounds:

1. Judging

The judging round makes up 50% of the “Final Score” and consists of three stages:

I) Eight-Mandatory Poses

Front Double Biceps

The men’s open division begins with the judges calling each contestant onstage individually in numerical order. The competitor has 60 seconds to perform the following 8 mandatory poses in the order shown:

  • Front double biceps
  • Front lat spread
  • Side chest
  • Back double biceps
  • Back lat spread
  • Side triceps
  • Abdominals and thighs
  • Most muscular

II) Group Posing / Comparison

All contestants are called onstage in numerical order and divided into two equal-size groups positioned on either side of the stage in diagonal lines. The center stage area is left open for comparisons and posing. The head judge then directs groups of competitors in numerical order through the quarter turns and mandatory poses. 

III) Callouts

The head judge then directs selected competitors through the callouts where the selected competitors are compared against each other in the quarter turns and mandatory poses. Callouts are arguably the most exciting part of a contest. 

Judges constantly shuffle the competitors to compare them against each other. The number and placement of competitors in the callouts are at the discretion of the head judge. The competitors called out in the first and the last callout are usually the frontrunners for winning the show. 

2. Finals


The Finals make up 50% of the “Final Score” and consist of two rounds:

I) Individual Posing Routines:

Each competitor has up to a maximum of three minutes to perform a posing routine to the music of their choice.

II) Confirmation Round

All contestants are called onstage in numerical order and divided into two equal-size groups positioned on either side of the stage in diagonal lines. The center stage area is left open for comparisons and posing.

The head judge begins the confirmation round by calling out selected competitors. Bodybuilders are compared against each other as they perform the quarter turns and mandatory poses. 

The confirmation round is wrapped up with a 60-second posedown between all competitors. 

IFBB Pro Competition Rules:

  1. The competitor with the lowest “Final Score” wins the contest. 
  2. Athletes with extended abdominal (bloated gut) are scored down in both judging and finals.

Main Judging Criteria in a Bodybuilding Show

These are the main criteria the judges focus on while scoring a contestant in the Men’s Open division:

1. Muscle Mass

While assessing muscle mass, judges are looking for developed muscles with full and round muscle bellies. Developed muscles allow the jury to accurately critique a bodybuilder’s musculature, symmetry, and conditioning. Besides, fuller and larger muscles display better separation and striations. 

2. Quality 

Judges also need to see striations, density, and definition (muscle fibers) while a contestant is posing on stage. A bodybuilder who has a lot of muscle mass but is holding water and appears “soft” rarely wins a bodybuilding show. 

Most bodybuilders aim to step on stage at a body fat percentage of around five percent. The low body fat percentage puts the competitor’s vascularity and muscle striations on display in their full glory. 

Many competitors manipulate their water and carb intake to drain as much water as possible from between their muscles and skin to give a grainy, dry, and peeled look.

Symmetry And Balance

3. Symmetry and Balance

Muscle symmetry and balance can make or break a physique. If a bodybuilder has giant legs but lacks size and definition in his arms, they will not go too far in their competitive bodybuilding journey. Judges are looking for a well-proportionate, symmetrical and balanced physique. 

Let’s take this opportunity to address the elephant in the room — genetics. Genetics plays a big role in your bodybuilding journey. Genetics determine the shape of your muscles and their insertion points. You cannot alter these factors no matter how hard you train or diet. 

Judging in Bodybuilding vs Other Competitive Sports

Difference Between Judging in Bodybuilding Shows and Most Other Competitive Sports

Competitive bodybuilding is a unique sport in how it is judged. It is subjective and does not have clear-cut rules or set standards to determine a winner. 

In most competitive sports, the team or individual that scores the most points wins. Let’s take football as an example. In football, the team that scores the most goals at the end of 90 minutes wins. 

However, bodybuilding works in the exact opposite way. The competitor with the lowest total score at the end of the show takes home the gold. 

Possible Ways of Improving The Scoring Mechanism in Pro Bodybuilding Shows

Here are a few possible ways of making the scoring at pro bodybuilding shows more objective:

1. Have set guidelines and standards to match the competitors against. Instead of rating the muscle proportion, symmetry, size, and quality subjectively, scoring the different aspects of a competitor’s physique on a scale of ten could make the process more objective.

2. Release each judge’s individual scoring card along with the “Official Final Result Scorecard” for better accountability. Access to this information will tell us what the judges thought about each bodybuilder and how they scored them in each round. It will also help us step into their shoes and learn about their vision of the “perfect bodybuilder.”

Wrapping Up

Competing on a pro bodybuilding stage is physically intensive and requires the competitors to go through multiple judging rounds. A couple of Men’s Open bodybuilding shows like Mr. Olympia and Arnold Classic USA happen over two days and require the contestants to nail their conditioning on both days, making the show even harder.

Moving from the present subjective scoring system to an objective one could make the process more transparent and add accountability. Additionally, recognizing physique benchmarks can help steer away from aesthetically unappealing physique characteristics like bloated gut and gyno.


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